Feast of Dormition (Uspeniye) of the Most-Holy Theotokos
After the Ascension of Jesus Christ, the Most-holy Mother of God continued to live on earth for several years. One Christian historian says ten years, and another twenty-two years. The Apostle John the Theologian, according to the instructions of Jesus Christ, took her into his home and cared for her with great love as her own son until the end of her life. The Most-holy Mother of God became a mother to all twelve of the apostles in general. They prayed with her with great joy and were comforted to listen to her instructive conversations about the Saviour. When the Christian faith had spread to other lands, many Christians came from distant countries to see and listen to her voice.
Living in Jerusalem, the Mother of God loved to visit those places where the Saviour had frequented and where he had suffered, died, rose from the dead, and ascended to Heaven. She prayed at these places weeping, remembering the suffering of the Saviour, and rejoicing at the places of His Resurrection and Ascension. She often prayed that Christ would soon take her to Himself in Heaven.
One day, when the Most-holy Mary was praying thus on the Mount of Olives, the Archangel Gabriel appeared to her with a branch from a date palm in Paradise and told her the joyful news that in three days She would finish her earthly life, and the Lord would take her to Himself. The Most-holy Mother of God silently rejoiced over this news. She told her adopted son, John, and began to prepare for her end. At that time, the other apostles were not in Jerusalem, as they had dispersed to other countries to preach about the Saviour. The Mother of God wanted to bid farewell to them, and so the Lord in a miraculous manner gathered all the apostles to her (except Thomas), transporting them by His omnipotent power.
Grief befell them over losing the Mother of the Lord and their own spiritual Mother when they learned why God had gathered them. But the Mother of God comforted them, promising not to leave them and all Christians after her death and promising also to pray for them. Then, she blessed them all.
At the hour of her death, an extraordinary light shone in the room where the Mother of God lay. The Lord Jesus Christ Himself, surrounded by angels, appeared and received her pure soul.
The apostles buried the pure body of the Mother of God according to her wishes in the Garden of Gethsemane, where the body of her parents and the righteous Joseph were buried. At the funeral, many miracles were performed. By touching the deathbed of the Mother of God, the blind regained their sight, demons were driven away, and all sorts of illnesses were cured. Crowds of people followed her most pure body. Jewish priests and leaders tried to break up this holy procession, but the Lord invisibly protected it. One of the Jewish priests, by the name of Athonius, ran up, seized, and tried to overturn the bier on which the body of the Mother of God was laid. But an invisible angel chopped off both his hands. Athonius, struck by such a wondrous miracle, repented, and the Apostle Peter healed him.
Three days after the burial of the Mother of God, the absent Apostle Thomas arrived in Jerusalem. He was greatly saddened that he had not been able to say farewell to the Mother of God, and with all his heart, he desired to venerate her most pure remains. The apostles felt so sorry for him that they decided to go and roll away the stone from the tomb to give him the possibility to venerate for the last time the body of the Mother of God. But when they opened the tomb, her most holy body was not found, but only one piece of burial shroud was there. The amazed apostles returned to the house together and prayed to God to reveal to them what had become of the body of the Mother of God. In the evening, at the end of dinner during prayer, they heard angelic singing. Looking up, the apostles saw in the air the Mother of God surrounded by angels and in the radiance of heavenly glory. The Mother of God said to the apostles, “Rejoice! I am with you always and will pray for you before God.”
The apostles exclaimed to her in joy, “Most-holy Mother of God, help us!”
Thus the Lord Jesus Christ glorified His Most-holy Mother. He resurrected her and took her most holy body to Himself and set her higher than all His angels.
The Dormition of our Most-holy Lady Mother of God is celebrated by the Holy Orthodox Church as one of its major feasts on the 15th of August (28th of August NS). Preceding this feast, there is a two-week fast beginning from the 1st of August. This feast is called the Dormition (“falling asleep”) because the Mother of God died quietly as if she was falling asleep and, more importantly, because of the short sojourn of her body in the grave. After three days, She was resurrected by the Lord and ascended into Heaven.
Troparion of the Feast
In giving birth, Thou didst preserve Thy virginity. In Thy falling asleep Thou didst not forsake the world, O Theotokos. As the Mother of Life, Thou wast translated unto life; and by Thine intercessions dost Thou deliver our souls from death!